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Full text of "Transactions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society"

US 




LIBRARY 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS 

HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 
BOSTON 



PRESENTED BY 

7.A& £oe/<°?hs 

Jm>J7&: ZfVjL. 



1942 

YEAR BOOK 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL 

SOCIETY 




WITH THE 

ANNUAL REPORTS 

FOR 1941 

V 



& 7f3£> 

Bequests to the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society 

It is hoped by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society that it 
will not be forgotten by members who find it expedient to make 
their wills. This Society's financial condition is sound and its 
investments are good, but the income from many of its invest- 
ments has declined because of decreased returns from its bond 
holdings. Expenses naturally have increased and more money is 
needed to extend the activities of the Society. 

The following form of bequest is suggested : 

FORM OF BEQUEST 



I give and bequeath to the Massachusetts Horticultural Society 

located in Boston, Massachusetts, the sum of 

to be used as the Board of Trustees may 

direct for the promotion of horticulture in its various forms and 
for extending the activities of the Society along educational lines. 

Signed 



Foreword 

The Committee on Lectures and Publications has 
the honor to present herewith the nineteenth number 
of the Society's Year Book, with which is combined 
the annual reports for the year 1941. 

Elmer D. Merrill, Chairman. 
Boston, Mass. 
May 4, 1942. 




Mr. Edwin S. Webster 
Re-elected president at the annual meeting, May 4 } 1942. 



Table of Contents 

Foreword 3 

Officers for 1942 9 

Committees for 1942 10 

Medals and Certificates Awarded in 1941 11 

Two Hundred Dollar Legacy 17 

Special Medal Awards in 1941 18 

Exhibitions in 1942 25 

Gifts to the Library 26 

Garden Awards in 1941 27 

Garden Clubs Not Members of the Massachusetts Federation 31 

Necrology 37 

Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission .... 38 

Annual Meeting, 1942 43 

The President's Address 43 

Report of the Secretary 46 

Report of the Treasurer 49 

Report of the Library Committee 57 

Report of the Committee on the Exhibitions of the Products 

of Children's Gardens 58 

Report of the Committee on Exhibitions 59 

Report of the Committee on Prizes 62 

Result of the Balloting 62 

Honorary Members 63 

Corresponding Members 63 




Mr. William Ellery 
Re-elected vice-president at the annual meeting, May 4, 1942. 



List of Illustrations 

Edwin S. Webster 4 

William Ellery 6 

Dunbar Lockwood 8 

Professor Frank A. Waugh 18 

Henry Hicks 20 

Elizabeth White 20 

John S. Ames 21 

C. J. Van Bourgondien 21 

Frederick H. Howard 24 

L. G. Bruggemann 27 

Summer home of Mr. Charles 0. Dexter, awarded silver medal 

in 1941 28 

Section of formal garden of Mrs. C. D. Armstrong, awarded 

gold medal in 1941 29 

Spring garden of Mrs. Charles G. Weld, awarded silver medal 

in 1941 30 

Golden medal exhibit by Cherry Hill Nurseries at June 

Exhibition in 1941 36 

"The Great Smokies" Brought to Boston 40 

- 

Lily Garden at the 1942 Spring Show 40 

Garden set up by Thomas Murray for Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. 

Crowninshield, at the 1942 Spring Flower Show ... 42 

Picture from book published about 1890, showing youthful 

gardeners on way to exhibition at Horticultural Hall . 47 




Mb. Dunbar Lockwood 
Elected a trustee at the annual meeting, May 4, 1942. 



THE BOARD OF GOVERNMENT 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL 
SOCIETY 

President 
EDWIN S. WEBSTER 

Vice-Presidents 

William Ellery 
Charles K. Cummings 

Trustees 
*John S. Ames Walter Hunnewell (1943) 

Aubrey Butler (1945) Harlan P. Kelsey (1945) 

George W. Butterworth (1943) Dunbar Lock wood (1945) 

Winthrop L. Carter (1943) Elmer D. Merrill (1944) 

Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby (1943) Harold S. Ross (1944) 

Mrs. John Gardner Coolidge (1943) Fletcher Steele (1945) 
*Charles K. Cummings Robert G. Stone (1944) 

•William Ellery Mrs. Roger S. Warner (1945) 

Samuel J. Goddard (1944) *Edwin S. Webster 

William P. Wolcott (1944) 

Honorary Trustees 

Professor Oakes Ames 
Miss Marian Roby Case 

Treasurer 
John S. Ames 

Assistant Treasurer 

Walter Hunnewell 

Secretary * 

Edward I. Farrington 

*Members ex-officio. Dates given are those of expiration of terms. 



COMMITTEES OF THE SOCIETY 
For the Year Ending May 4, 1943 



Executive Committee 

EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman 

JOHN S. AMES WILLIAM ELLERY 

CHARLES K. CUMMINGS WALTER HUNNEWELL 

Finance Committee 

EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman 

JOHN S. AMES ROBERT G. STONE 

Budget Committee 

EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman 

JOHN S. AMES WILLIAM ELLERY 

CHARLES K. CUMMINGS WALTER HUNNEWELL 

ROBERT G. STONE 

Membership Committee 

WINTHROP L. CARTER, Chairman 
GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH DUNBAR LOCKWOOD 

Committee on Exhibitions 

ELMER D. MERRILL, Chairman 
SAMUEL J. GODDARD ALLEN HIXON 

CHARLES P. GORELY, JR. MRS. IRVING C. WRIGHT 

Committee on Prizes 

AUBREY BUTLER, Chairman 
JOHN S. AMES GEORGE O. CLARK 

ERNEST BOROWSKI SYDNEY KIMPTON 

Committee on Library 

CHARLES K. CUMMINGS, Chairman 
MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY MRS. ROGER S. WARNER 

Committee on Lectures and Publications 

ELMER D. MERRILL, Chairman 
MISS MARIAN ROBY CASE MRS. JOHN G. COOLIDGE 

Committee on Special Medals 

HAROLD S. ROSS. Chairman 
AUBREY BUTLER ELMER D. MERRILL 

HARLAN P. KELSEY WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT 

Committee on Gardens 

GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH, Chairman 
DUNBAR LOCKWOOD FLETCHER STEELE 

HAROLD S. ROSS ROBERT G. STONE 

Committee on Building 

WILLIAM ELLERY, Chairman 

GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH CHARLES K. CUMMINGS 

Committee on Children's Gardens Exhibitions 

SAMUEL J. GODDARD, Chairman 

DANIEL W. O'BRIEN MRS. HENRY D. TUDOR 

Committee on the Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase 

WALTER HUNNEWELL, Chairman 
ALBERT C. BURRAGE, JR. ELMER D. MERRILL 

AUBREY BUTLER WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT 

Nominating Committee 
SAMUEL J. GODDARD HAROLD S. ROSS 

ELMER D. MERRILL ROBERT G. STONE 

WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT 



Medals and Certificates Awarded 

in 1941 

The Albert C. Burr age Gold Vase 
Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of acacias at the Spring Show. 

George Robert White Medal of Honor 
Professor Frank A. Waugh, Amherst, Mass., for eminent service in 
horticulture. 

Thomas Roland Medal 

C. J. Van Bourgondien, Babylon, N. Y., grower of greenhouse plants. 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal 

Fred H. Howard, Montebello, Calif., for developing roses, a leader in 
horticultural activities. 

President's Cup 

Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, for a formal garden at the 
Spring Show. 

Gold Medal of the Horticultural Society of New York 
Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., for a naturalistic garden at the Spring Show. 

Gold Medal of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society 
Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of acacias at the Spring Show. 

Trophy of the Massachusetts Department of Agriculture 

Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., for a naturalistic garden at the Spring Show. 

Trophy of the Popularity Contest 
Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of acacias at the Spring Show. 

Bronze Medal of the New England Wild Flower 
Preservation Society, Inc. 

Wilfrid Wheeler, for an outstanding exhibit illustrating the conserva- 
tion of holly. 

Crystal Vases 

A. Frylink & Son, Inc., for daffodil Mrs. R. 0. Backhouse, best bloom 

in the show. 
Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for tulip President Taft, best bloom in the show. 

Book: "Green Enchantment" 

C. K. Cummings, for Camellia japonica alba plena, best bloom in the 
show. 

Large Gold Medals 

Mrs. Charles Dickey Armstrong, for her garden at "Indian Knoll," Oster- 
ville. 

11 



12 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Mr. John S. Ames, North Easton, for advancement of horticulture, 

particularly introduction of Kurume azaleas. 
Henry Hicks, Westbury, N. Y., nurseryman maintaining high standard 

of nursery practice. 
Elizabeth White, Whitesbog, N. J., for propagation and distribution of 

cultivated blueberry, also work with American holly. 

Gold Medals 

L. Sherman Adams, Welles! ey, for a group of orchids at New York. 

Bobbink & Atkins, for a rose garden at the Spring Show. 

Ernest Borowski, for a rhododendron and azalea garden at the Spring 

Show. 
Borst & Fraser, for an outdoor living room at the Spring Show. 
Breck's, for a display of daffodils at the Spring Show. 
Cape Cod Horticultural Society, Inc., for a formal garden at the Spring 

Show. 
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for an informal garden at the Spring Show. 
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a comprehensive display of peonies, rhododen- 
drons and azaleas. 
W. N. Craig, for a table rock garden at the Spring Show. 
Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, for a group of chrysanthemums. 
Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, for a rose garden at the Spring 

Show. 
Cummings the Florist, for a group of standard geraniums at the Spring 

Show. 
Flying Cloud Farms, Inc., for a display of gladiolus — the most meritorious 

exhibit in the New England Gladiolus Society's exhibition. 
A. Frylink & Son, Inc., for a collection of daffodils. 
Gardeners' & Florists' Club of Boston, for a group of chrysanthemums. 
Gardner Museum, for a group of cyclamen at the Spring Show. 
Gardner Museum, for an oriental temple garden. 
Alexander Irving Heimlich, for a ledge garden and waterfall at the Spring 

Show. 
Hillcrest Gardens, for a New England farmyard scene. 
Albert A. Hulley, for a clematis and rose garden at the Spring Show. 
F. W. Hunnewell, for a group of Ccelogyne cristata at the Spring Show. 
Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., for a naturalistic garden at the Spring Show. 
Norristown Garden Club, for a cottage garden at the Spring Show in 

Philadelphia. 
A. A. Pembroke, for a vase of seedling snapdragons at the Spring Show. 
A. N. Pierson, Inc., and the United States Cut Flower Company, for 

displays of roses at the Spring Show. (2) 
Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of acacias at the Spring Show. 
Mr. and Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, for a group of chrysanthemums. 
Edwin S. Webster, for an informal garden at the Spring Show. 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids at the Spring Show. 
Wolfpen Farm, for an arrangement of camellias. 
Yoder Brothers, for a display of chrysanthemum varieties. 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1941 13 

Silver Medals 

Dr. Thomas Barbour, for a display of vegetables. 

Bay State Nurseries, Inc., for a modernistic garden at the Spring Show. 

Ernest Borowski, for specimen Azalea indica at the Spring Show. 

Mrs. E. D. Brandegee, for a group of chrysanthemums. 

Breck's, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring Show. 

Mrs. Frederick F. Brewster, for a group of calceolarias at the Spring 

Show. 
Butterworth's, for a group of orchids. 
F. I. Carter & Sons, for a group of cacti and succulents at the Spring 

Show. 
W. N. Craig, for a display of perennials and lilies. 
V. R. DePetris, for a display of chrysanthemums. 
Mr. Charles 0. Dexter, for his Summer place at Sandwich. 
Garden in the Woods, for an educational exhibit showing propagation of 

native plants at the Spring Show. 
Gardeners' & Florists' Club of Boston, for a primrose dell at the Spring 

Show. 
George P. Gardner, Jr., for a display of camellias. 
Gardner Museum, for a Fourth of July garden at the Spring show. 
Dr. R. J. Graves, for iris Depute Nomblot — finest stalk in Iris Show. 
Mrs. Randolph C. Grew, for a lily garden at the Spring Show. 
Harvard University Botanic Garden, for a collection of sedums. 
Herb Society of America, for a group of medicinal herbs at the Spring 

Show. 
Jamaica Plain High School, for a backyard garden at the Spring Show. 
Lohrman Seed Company, for general excellence of trade booth at the 

Spring Show. 
Edward F. Norberg, Jr., for a group of hydrangeas at the Spring Show. 
North Shore Horticultural Society, for an informal garden at the Spring 

Show. 
R. T. Paine, 2nd, for Cymbidium pauwelsi at the Spring Show. 
Shreve, Crump & Low Company, for general excellence of trade booth at 

the Spring Show. 
Louis Vasseur, for a display of clematis. 
William T. Walke & Sons, Inc., for a group of amaryllis at the Spring 

Show. 
Fred P. Webber, for a display of dahlias, small-flowered varieties. 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids. (2) 
Mrs. Charles G. Weld, for her Spring garden at Brookline. 
Weston Nurseries, Inc., for a formal garden at the Spring Show. 
Mrs. A. C. Wilson, for a collection of tree peonies. 
John Young, for dahlia Elsie M. Young. 

Bronze Medals 
American Begonia Society, for a group of begonias at the Spring Show. 
Bay State Nurseries, Inc., for a collection of herbs. 



14 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Better Homes Garden Club of Winchester, for a flower arrangement by 

Mrs. Samuel B. Kirkwood — most meritorious flower arrangement by 

a non-member of the New England Gladiolus Society. 
Mrs. George Blum, for Euphorbia splendens. 
Brightridge Dairy Greenhouses, for general excellence of trade booth at 

Spring Show. 
L. G. Bruggemann, for a display of vegetables. 

Carbone, Inc., for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring Show. 
Cummings the Florist, for carnation wedding bouquets at the Spring 

Show. 
C. K. Cummings, for hardy chrysanthemums — Rye Hill seedlings. 
Mrs. Edward Forbes, for a group of Japanese chrysanthemums. 
Ormond Hamilton, for Japanese arrangements at the Spring Show. 
Mrs. Harry Hayward, for a group of Primula auricula at the Spring 

Show. 
Keown Orchards, for Mcintosh apples. 
Meloripe Fruit Company, for general excellence of trade booth at the 

Spring Show. 
Miss Geneva Mercer, for flower paintings in tempera. 
Morrison School Garden, for a display from a replica of the first school 

garden. 
Xorth High School, Agricultural Department, for a roadside stand. 
Mrs. Dana Osgood, for an arrangement of camellias. 
Perry Seed Company, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring 

Show. 
Ray's, Inc., for three bottle gardens. 

Ray's, Inc., for a group of house plants at the Spring Show. 
Runkle School, for a model of a section of Old Williamsburg at the Spring 

Show. 
Spanish Art Iron Works, for general excellence of trade booth at the 

Spring Show. 
Vaughan's Seed Store, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring 

Show. 
Miss Lissa Bell Walker, for flower paintings and drawings. 
Waltham Field Station, for a display of popcorn. 
Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, for the second highest total number of points 

in Iris Show. 
Wendell W. Wyman, for a display of gladiolus. 

Bronze Medals for Children's Gardens, Donated by Miss Marian 
Roby Case, Hillcrest Gardens, Weston, Mass. 

Armen Amerigian, Brockton 
Robert E. Andresen, Lexington 
Herbert A. Berthel, Melrose 
Herbert Bissell, Goshen 
Edith Boisseau, Westfield 
George C. Costa, Roxbury 
Barbara Coulton, Richmond 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1941 15 

Dorothy Courtemanche, Brockton 
James Cunningham, North Andover 
Rhinehold Dubochewsky, Swansea 
Jean Ewing, East Bridgewater 
Leo J. Fitzpatriek, Jr., Brockton 
Paul Gibbs, Chester 
Robert B. Gretter, Maiden 
Ralph Gulla, Boston 
Hollis S. Howard, Amesbury 
Anne Jeffrey, Brockton 
Donald Jillson, North Adams 
Donald Kinsman, Framingham 
Aloysius P. Maclntyre, Dorchester 
Herbert Morgan, Arlington 
Arlene Sabo, Goshen 
Paul Smith, Stow 
Shirley Tilton, Taunton 
Virginia Tuttle, Waltham 
Christine Vartarian, Weymouth 
Donald Vetterling, Greenfield 
Arthur R. Voelkel, South Boston 
Richard Walsh, Holbrook 
June Wesson, Orange 
Donald White, Holliston 
John Wiinikainen, West Barnstable 
Robert Wilson, East Bridgewater 
Robert I. Young, Orleans 
Edward Zapsky, Boston 

First Class Certificates 

Azalea Jane Abbott, exhibited by Weston Nurseries, Inc. 
Brassocattleya Hartland, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Cypripedium Joan Harris, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Laeliocattleya Hyperion, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Laeliocattleya Windermere, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 

Awards of Merit 

Carnation Venus, exhibited by Cummings the Florist. 
Chrysanthemum Cocheco, exhibited by Colprit's Nursery. 
Cymbidium Chepstow Castle, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Cypripedium Crusader, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Giant Peter Fisher carnations, exhibited by Cummings the Florist. 
Seneca Grape, exhibited by the New York State Agricultural Experiment 

Station. 
Laeliocattleya Cynthia var. Model, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Laeliocattleya Elissa, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Miltonia Christin, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 



16 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Phalaenopsis Reve Rose, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 

Snapdragon Mammoth Gold, exhibited by the Mt. Auburn Cemetery Corp. 

Votes of Commendation 

Calceolaria tomentosa, exhibited by Walter Hunnewell. 

Carnation Hazel Draper, exhibited by W. D. Howard. 

Carnation Peace, exhibited by Seaver Brothers. 

Hillebrandia sandwicensis, exhibited by F. W. Hunnewell. 

Jasminum beesianum, exhibited by Harvard University Botanic Garden. 

Lily Vilmora, exhibited by Louis Vasseur. 

Rose Brandywine, exhibited by J. H. Thompson's Sons. 

Rose Fair Maid, exhibited by Peirce Brothers. 

Cultural Certificates 

Peter Arnott, for a group of orchids. 

Miss A. A. Bradley for specimen cyclamen plant. 

G. S. Bradley, for Ccelogyne cristata. 

L. G. Bruggemann, for the size and excellence of his delphiniums. 

Cummings the Florist, for standard geraniums. 

George W. Finnie, for a group of calceolarias. 

Sydney Kimpton, for specimen cyclamen. 

A. A. Pembroke, for seedling snapdragons. 

Harold A. Ryan, Inc., for Strelitzia regina. 

John Sullivan, for cyclamen. 

Louis Vasseur, for clematis. 

Eric H. Wetterlow & Son, Florists, for Cypripedium insigne. 

Votes of Thanks 

Mrs. Emma Bailey Fraser, for flower paintings. 

Clebnik Brothers, for St. Patrick's party bouquet of carnations at the 

Spring Show. 
Cornell University, for model gardens at the Spring Show. 
A. C. Farr, for a display of carnations at the Spring Show. 
A. C. Farr, for an orange tree at the Spring Show. 
S. J. Goddard, for a basket of Carnation Hermosa at the Spring Show. 
S. J. Goddard, for a basket of mixed carnations at the Spring Show. 
Countess Guardabassi, for a vase of Russell lupine. 
Mrs. L. Hollingsworth Wood, for camellias. 
F. W. Hunnewell, for Ccelogyne cristata. 
C. B. Johnson, for Carnation Crimson Queen. 
H. M. Johnson, for Barnewjohn pears. 
Massachusetts Department of Conservation, for an exhibit of shrub, tree 

and forest insects. 
Miss Geneva Mercer, for "Joyousness" — figure of a baby boy. 
Mrs. Dorothea Long Moretti, for a fountain figure — Boy on Turtle. 
New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, for Pawpaws — 

Asimina triloba. 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1941 17 

Ray's, Inc., for planted tufa rock. 
Sand Hills Garden Club, for camellias. 
Stumpp & Walter, for pansies. 
Miss Maren Thoresen, for flower portraits. 
Louis Vasseur, for a frilled peony. 

John B. Wills, for a collection of hardy chrysanthemums. 
Miss Elizabeth Woolley, for a New England doorway lighted for Christ- 
mas. 

Honorable Mention 

Wreath suitable for Christmas constructed of natural plant material, 
exhibited by the Plymouth, N. H., Garden Club. 

Botanical Certificate 
Myosotis traversi, exhibited by the Harvard University Botanic Garden. 

Scroll 

First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston, for large and well-kept park. 



Two Hundred Dollar Legacy 

The late Mrs. James W. Applebee of Lynn, Mass., who became a 
member of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society in 1928, left 
a will bequeathing $200 to this Society, which amount has been 
received and entered on the books. 



Special Medal Awards in 1941 

George Robert White Award 

Professor Frank A. Waugh, awarded the George Robert White 
Medal of Honor in 1941, is emeritus professor of landscape archi- 
tecture at Massachusetts State College and widely known as an 
author and teacher of horticultural subjects. This medal is con- 






Professor Frank A. Waugh 

Awarded the George Robert White Medal 
of Honor in 1941. 

sidered to be the highest honor available in the field of horticul- 
ture in the United States. 

Dr. Waugh has been with Massachusetts State College for 40 
years, having gone there from the University of Vermont in 1902. 
He organized the division of horticulture and served as its head 
for many years. During that time he carried on extensive field 

18 



SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS IN 1941 19 

work as well as experiments in many branches of horticulture. 
He is the author of numerous books and bulletins and his publi- 
cations in ecology and physiography have been looked upon as 
basic to an understanding of the natural landscape and there- 
fore fundamental to landscape architecture. His work in sys- 
tematic pomology opened an entirely new field in this branch of 
science. 

Dr. Waugh is a fellow of the American Society of Landscape 
Architects and holds honorary doctor's degrees from his Alma 
Mater, Kansas State College, and from the University of Vermont. 

He collaborated with the United States Forest Service for many 
years, traveling widely over the United States, advising the 
government with respect to landscape conservation and making 
plans for the development of recreation areas from the Atlantic 
Coast to the Pacific. 



Frederick Huber Howard 

Mr. Frederick Huber Howard, who was awarded the Jackson 
Dawson medal in 1941, has distinguished himself in many lines 
of horticulture but is best known throughout the country for his 
work in creating new roses. His most widely known creation, the 
Los Angeles rose, has helped to spread the fame of his native city. 
Mr. Howard was born in that California city in 1873, being the 
first of 12 children. Five of these children were boys, all of whom 
became nurserymen, building between them two of California's 
largest nursery establishments. 

Mr. Howard has been specializing in roses for 45 years, and 
thousands of experiments in hybridizing are carried out each year 
at his trial grounds in Montebello, although they are not confined 
to roses. Mr. Howard has done much work with cinerarias, amaryl- 
lis, asters, dahlias, chrysanthemums, zinnias and verbenas. In 1926 
his Amarcrinum howardi won the silver Cory cup awarded an- 
nually by the Royal Horticultural Society for the most meritori- 
ous novelty in its London show. It was the first time that that 
classic cup had been brought to the United States. 

Mr. Howard was awarded a gold medal by the American Rose 
Society in 1941, as perhaps the outstanding rose hybridist of 
America, having produced perhaps 40 recognized and standard 
varieties in use today. 



20 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 




Mr. Henry Hicks 

Awarded the 

Society's Gold Medal 

in 1941. 



Miss Elizabeth White 

Awarded the 

Society's Gold Medal 

in 1941. 




SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS IN 1941 



21 



Mr. John S. Ames 

Awarded the 

Society's Gold Medal 

in 1941. 





Mr. C. J. Van Bourgondien 

Awarded the 

Thomas Roland Medal 

in 1941. 



22 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

C. J. Van Bourgondien 

Mr. C. J. Van Bourgondien. awarded the Thomas Roland medal 
in 19-41. is widely known for his skill in the cultivation of green- 
house plants and in the growing of bulbs. Mr. Van Bourgondien 
was born April 5. 1885, at Hillegom. Holland, in the center of the 
Dutch bulb district. At an early age he started to travel in England 
and the United States selling Holland bulbs for the concern of 
K. Van Bourgondien & Sons. In 1915 he married and settled in this 
country permanently and in 1918 started in business for himself 
and severed relations with the old firm. He is the father of five 
children. 

John S. Ames 

John S. Ames was awarded a gold medal in 1911. He has been 
active in various fields of horticulture for many years. He was 
one of the trusted advisors of the late Professor Charles S. Sargent 
of the Arnold Arboretum, and is a member of the Visiting Com- 
mittee of that institution. His interest in forestry has been keen 
over a long period, and it was largely through his generosity that 
the establishment of the now famous Harvard Forest in Petersham 
became possible. 

It was Mr. Ames who introduced the Kurume azalea into the 
eastern part of this country, this remarkable plant having been 
called to his attention by the late Ernest H. TVilson. the Arnold 
Arboretum's famous plant hunter, as a result of a trip to Japan. 
This was in 1917. in which year plants were received directly 
from the city of Kurume in Japan. Mr. Ames has received many 
awards for displays of these azaleas. He was given the Marian 
Roby Case cup in 1926. the Walter Hunnewell cup in 1929 and 
the Centennial silver medal in 1929. In 1935 he was given both 
the president's cup and a gold medal for his exhibit, and in 1931 
he was given the Society's large gold medal from the Hunnewell 
fund for his estate at North Easton. which has been maintained 
at a high level of cultivation for a long term of years. Mr. Ames 
has been a trustee of this Society since 1922. and has been treasurer 
for the same length of time. 

Henry Hicks 

The name of Hicks is an important one in the annals of Ameri- 
can horticulture. Mr. Henry Hicks, who was awarded the Gold 
Medal of this Societv in 1911. doubtless inherited his love of 



SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS IN 1941 23 

horticulture from his grandfather, Isaac Hicks, a Quaker preacher 
who founded in 1852 what became a noted nursery business on 
Long Island. Henry Hicks was born in 1870 at Westbury, Long 
Island, and was graduated from Cornell University in 1892. He 
entered the nursery business immediately after graduation and 
soon became convinced that native indigenous trees and shrubs 
and Asiatic species were much more satisfactory on Long Island 
than the trees native to the moist equitable European soil and 
climate. 

The early invention and development of methods for moving 
trees was one of the outstanding achievements of Mr. Hicks and 
his associates when work of this kind was new. Mr. Hicks takes 
particular interest in evergreens and his name will be perpetu- 
ated in the yew known as Taxus media hicksi or, in English, 
Hick's yew. In recent years he has taken much interest in re- 
introducing the shipmast locust. 

Mr. Hicks is famous for his generosity and enthusiasm and has 
never neglected an opportunity to interest young people in a 
scientific education. He is, of course, a member of many organi- 
zations and has a wide correspondence throughout the country. 
It is gratifying to him and to his friends that his two sons, the 
fourth generation from Isaac Hicks, are now active in the business. 



Miss Elizabeth White 

Blueberries have brought fame to Miss Elizabeth White of 
Whitesbog, N. J. Whitesbog is located in the pine barrens of New 
Jersey, in a section where native cranberries and blueberries were 
harvested long before Columbus discovered America. Years ago 
Dr. Frederick V. Colville, chief botanist of the United States 
Department of Agriculture, began making experiments in blue- 
berry culture in that part of New Jersey. In 1916 about 600 
quarts of cultivated blueberries composed the first shipment from 
Whitesbog. 

In 1911, Joseph J. White and his daughter Elizabeth began 
co-operating with Dr. Colville and after the latter's death con- 
tinued his work. As a result, more than 600,000 quarts of blue- 
berries were moved from the Whitesbog section in 1936. 

Miss White has given much of her life to the development of 
the blueberry. She is largely responsible for the development of 
what has become an important industry in this country and one 
increasing the revenue of many farmers. 

Blueberries have not occupied all of her attention, however, for 



24 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

she is interested in other branches of horticulture. Recently, she 
has been devoting herself to the improvement of the American 
holly, working with Mr. Wilfrid Wheeler in seeking out unusually 
good wild forms on Cape Cod. 




Mr. Frederick H. Howard 

Awarded the Jackson Daiuson Memorial 
Medal in 1941. 



EXHIBITIONS IN 1942 


MECHANICS BUILDING 


March 16-21 


Spring Flower Show 


HORTICULTURAL HALL 


January 30 and 31 


Camellia Show 


April 30 and May 1 


Daffodil Show 


May 4 and 5 


Azalea Show 


May Hand 15 


Tulip Show 


June 17 and 18 


June Show 


August 19 and 20 


Gladiolus Show 


August 27 and 28 


Exhibition of the Products 




of Children's Gardens 


September 12 and 13 Dahlia Show 


October 7-9 


Harvest Show 


November 5 - 8 


Autumn Show 



25 



Gifts to the Library 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society acknowledges with 
thanks gifts to the library from the following donors: 

Babcock, Mrs. Samuel G. 

Nomenclator methodieus florae parisienses. MS. 1780. 
Burrage, Mrs. Albert Cameron 

The garden library of the late Albert Cameron Burrage, about 2300 
volumes and a collection of water color drawings of orchids. 
Crosby, Mrs. S. V. R. 

A new selection of modern flower arrangements, by Mirei Shigemori. 
1933. 

Selected flower arrangements of the Ohara school, by Moribana and 
Heikwa. 1935. 
Curtis, Miss Mary 

Clematis, the large and small flowered, by Ernest Markham. 1935. 
Deuber, Mr. Carl G. 

Vegetative propagation of conifers, by Carl G. Deuber. ( Connecticut 
Academy of Arts and Sciences. Trans, v. 34, 1940) 
Dittman, Mr. W. Jay 

Michigan Dept. of Conservation. Biennial reports 1927-1938. 

Natural History, various issues. Jan. 1937-Jan. 1939. 
Goddard, Mr. S. J. 

British floral decoration, by R. F. Felton. 1910. 
Herb Society of America. (Norton Memorial) 

Divers chimical conclusions concerning the art of distillation, by 
Hugh Plat. 1594, facsim. ed. 1941. 

The species of Tradescantia indigenous to the United States, by 
Edgar Anderson and R. E. Woodson. 1935. 
Lee, Mrs. Joseph 

An encyclopedia of gardening, by J. C. Loudon. 1822. 
Martin, Mr. William S. 

Landscape plans for beautiful gardens, by William S. Martin. 1939. 
New England Gladiolus Society 

Fischer color chart, by Eugene N. Fischer. 1941. 
Pool, Mr. Sterling H. 

Gourds of the southeastern Indians, by Frank G. Speck. 1941. 
Rubel, Mr, Robert O., Jr. 

Botanical Cabinet, by Loddiges and Son, various parts. 1817-1821. 

Practical gardener, by Charles Mcintosh. 1828. v. 1. 
Steele, Mr. Fletcher 

Manual of plant diseases ; ed. 3, by Paul Sorauer. 1922. 
Wilson, Mrs. A. Chalmers 

Country Life, various issues. 

Gardening Illustrated, various issues. 

Gardener's Chronicle (Eng.), various issues. 

26 



Garden Awards in 1941 

The Committee on Gardens recommended that no award of the 
Hunnewell medal be made for the year 1941. Several other awards 
were made, however, by the Board of Trustees on recommenda- 
tion of the committee. These awards were as follows : 

The Society's gold medal to Mrs. C. D. Armstrong, Osterville, for a large 

formal garden. 
The Society's silver medal to Mr. Charles 0. Dexter, for the excellent way 

in which his Summer place at Sandwich has been laid out and planted. 
The Society's silver medal to Mrs. Charles G. Weld, for a charming Spring 

garden, with special emphasis on tulips, at her home in Brookline. 
A scroll to the First Church of Christ, Scientist, for the large and well 

kept garden in front of the Mother Church on Huntington Avenue in 

Boston. 
A certificate of culture to Mr. L. G. Bruggemann of Hingham, for his 

success in growing delphiniums of unusual size and excellence. 




Mr. L. G. Bruggemann 

Awarded a Cultural Certificate on recommendation 

of the garden committee. 

27 



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Garden Clubs Not Members of the 
Massachusetts Federation 

Acton Center Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Elwin Hollowell, R. F. D., Concord. 
Secretary, Mrs. Lynne P. Townsend, Acton. 

Attleboro Garden Club. 
President, Mr. Fred S. Huff, Pike Ave., Attleboro. 
Secretary, Mrs. Arthur V. Gustafson, 173 Pike Ave., Attleboro. 

Bernardston Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Margaret Dunnell, South St., Bernardston. 
Secretary, Mrs. Georgianna Herrick, Northfield Rd., Bernardston. 

Beverly Improvement Society. 
President, Miss Winnifred P. Upton, 10 Highland Ave., Beverly. 
Secretary, Miss Carrie Edgett, 8 Corning St., Beverly. 

Bourne, Aptucxet Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. George Ballantine, Cataumet. 
Secretary, Mrs. Willis Swift, Cataumet. 

Bridgewater Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Albert F. Hunt, 28 School St., Bridgewater. 
Secretary, Mrs. Donald Atwood, Grove St., Bridgewater. 

Brockton Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Edward A. Keith, 30 W. Chestnut St., Campello. 
Secretary, Mrs. Frederic L. Chamberlain, 20 Oakland Ave., Brockton. 

C hartley Garden Club 
President, Mrs. Howard Crowe, Chartley. 
Secretary, Mrs. Millard Ashley, Sturdy St., Attleboro. 

Clinton Woman's Club, Department of Gardens. 
Chairman, Mrs. A. D. Perham, 536 High St., Clinton. 
Secretary, Mrs. William Hoffman, Clinton. 

Cohasset, Amateur Gardeners. 
President, Mrs. Burt Bristol, Summer St., Cohasset. 
Secretary, Mrs. William R. May, Cedar Lane, Cohasset. 

Easton Garden Club. 

President, Mr. Gustaf Rydholm, 21 Holmes St., North Easton. 
Secretary, Miss Anna Sheehan, North Easton. 

Endicott Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Ruth Bestwick, Taylor Rd., Dedham. 
Secretary, Mrs. Clara Cobbett, Sprague St., Dedham. 

31 



32 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Franklin Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Harry J. Geb, 28 High St., Franklin. 
Secretary, Mrs. Mar} 7 L. Bly, 95 Park Rd., Franklin. 

Georgetown Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Alice Stetson, 17 Spoffard Ave., Georgetown. 
Secretary, Miss Hattie Wilde, 125 Central St., Georgetown. 

Hampden Garden Club. 

President, Mr. James Morgan, Mountain Rd., Hampden. 
Secretary, Miss Ernestine 0. Bliss, Box 128, Hampden. 

Hampshire County Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Warren D. McAvoy, Village Hill Rd., Williamsburg. 
Secretary, Mrs. A. L. Judge, 109 Chestnut St.. Northampton. 

Hanover Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. John Stewart, Hanover. 
Secretary, Miss Margaret Crowell, Norwell. 

Holden Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. A. Kirke Warren, Holden. 
Secretary, Mrs. Herman S. Smith, Holden. 

Holliston Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Roy T. Wells, Concord St., Holliston. 
Secretary, Mrs. William B. Allen, Marshall St., Holliston. 

Hopedale Woman's Club, Garden Department of. 

President, Mrs. Roy Hayward, 7 Union St., Hopedale. 
Secretary, Mrs. Alfred French, Jr., Union St., Hopedale. 

Hopkinton Garden Club. 

President, Miss Nellie J. Kirby, Waleott St., Hopkinton. 
Secretary, Mrs. Florence L. Guyton, Claflin Ave., Hopkinton. 

Hubbardston Continuation Club. 

President, Mrs. Richard Lyon, Hubbardston. 
Secretary, Mrs. Willard Slade, Hubbardston. 

Mansfield, New Century Club, Garden Department of 

President, Mrs. Harry R. Howe, 74 Rumford Ave., Mansfield. 
Secretary, Mrs. Clara Giles, N. Main St., Mansfield. 

Marblehead Woman's Club, Conservation and Garden Group of. 
President, Mrs. William H. Riley, 37 Harris St., Marblehead. 
Secretary, Mrs. Robert Moore, Birch St., Marblehead. 

Marlboro Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Joseph L. Benson, 74 Newton St., Marlboro. 
Secretary, Miss Alice L. Hart, 125 Newton St., Marlboro. 



GARDEN CLUBS NOT MEMBERS OF MASSACHUSETTS FEDERATION 33 

Marthas Vineyard Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Wilfrid 0. White, Vineyard Haven. 
Secretary, Miss Amy Ferris, Vineyard Haven. 

Medford Hillside, Garden Group of the Mothers' Club of. 
President, Mrs. V. R. Harris, 9 Woodland Ave., Medford. 
Secretary, Mrs. W. T. Larkin, 16 Dearborn St., Medford. 

Monson Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Henry C. Sanderson, Wilbraham Rd., Monson. 
Secretary, Mrs. Belle Morris, Palmer Road, Monson. 

Needham, Men's Garden Club of. 
President, Mr. Stanley B. Wheeler, 47 Emerson Rd., Needham. 
Secretary, Mr. George M. Wragg, 178 West St., Needham Heights. 

Newton Upper Falls Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Frank Mordo, 5 Summer St., Newton Upper Falls. 
Secretary, Mrs. James E. Tully, 51 High St., Newton Upper Falls. 

North Attleboro Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. 0. L. Schubert, South St., Plainville. 
Secretary, Mr. Harry L. Dixon, South St., Plainville. 

Oxford Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. William W. Taft, Box 312, Oxford. 
Secretary, Mrs. Maurice Healy, Oxford. 

Pelham Woman's Club, Garden Section of. 

President, Mrs. Herman Goodell, R. D. 2, Amherst. 
Secretary, Mrs. Raymond C. Robinson, R. D. 2, Amherst. 

Pembroke-Hanson Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. William Walkey, Hanson. 
Secretary, Mrs. Garland Brooks, Hanson. 

Pepperell Garden Club. 

President, Miss Bertha Colson, R. F. D., Pepperell. 
Secretary, Mrs. Franklin C. Wiley, Box 113, Pepperell. 

Rehoboth Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Elliot F. Parker, Bay State Rd., Rehoboth. 
Secretary, Mrs. Almanza H. Kilroy, Summer St., Rehoboth. 

Rochester Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Henry Olanssen, Rochester. 
Secretary, Mrs. Chester Cowen, Rochester. 

Shelburne Falls Garden Club. 
President, Mr. C. L. Severance, 16 Maple St., Shelburne Falls. 
Secretary, Mrs. Fred M. Schontag, 51 Prospect St., Shelburne Falls. 



34 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Sohanno Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. George L. Dodd, Lake Archer, Wrentham. 
Secretary, Mrs. Harry Metcalf, 97 Franklin St., Wrentham. 

Southborough Woman's Club, Garden Group of. 
President, Mrs. George Gay, Southborough. 
Secretary, Mrs. Chester M. Bean, Box 52, Cordaville. 

Southbridge Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Frank A. Morey, 32 Maple St., Southbridge. 

South Warrex Community Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Kenneth Tuttle, R. F. D. 1, West Brookfteld. 
Secretary, Mrs. D. Walker Cheney, R. F. D., Brimfield. 

Spencer Garden Club. 

President, Miss Nellie Sullivan, 2 Emmett St., Spencer. 
Secretary, Miss Margaret M. Kane, N. Spencer Rd., Spencer. 

Stoneham Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. John P. English, 37 Maple St., Stoneham. 
Secretary, Miss Laura Lee, 220 William St., Stoneham. 

Sunderland Woman's Club, Garden Section of. 
Chairman, Mrs. Kenneth S. Williams, Sunderland. 
Secretary, Mrs. Henry J. Rohrs, Sunderland. 

Swansea, Country Garden Club of. 
President, Mrs. Ralph Loper, Touisset. 
Secretary, Mrs. Chester D. Borden, 21 Highland PL, Fall River. 

Tewksrury Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. George A. Ward, Tewksburv. 
Secretary, Mrs. William H. Dewing, Tewskburv. 

Ware Social Science Club. 

President, Mrs. James G. McNett, Elm St., Ware. 
Secretary, Mrs. J. Gardiner Lincoln, Church St., Ware. 

Webster Garden Club. 

President, Miss Kate M. Dobbie, 384 School St., Webster. 
Secretary, Mrs. Spaulding Bartlett, 516 Main St., Webster. 

Westborough Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Ruby W. Stone, 9 Ruggles St., Westborough. 
Secretary, Miss Dorothy Weeks, 8 Fisher St., Westborough. 

West Bridgewater Garden Club. 

President, Miss Hampe, South St., West Bridgewater. 

Secretary, Mrs. Charlotte Hurley, Monument Sq., West Bridgewater. 



GARDEN CLUBS NOT MEMBERS OF MASSACHUSETTS FEDERATION 35 

West Dennis Garden Club. 

President, Miss Marguerite Sheridan, Box 137, West Dennis. 
Secretary, Mrs. W. H. Heptonstall, Box 6, West Dennis. 

West Newbury Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. George E. Hale, 35 Main St., West Newbury. 
Secretary, Mrs. Parker H. Nason, 347 Main St., West Newbury. 

Weston Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. William C. Conant, Newton St., Weston. 
Secretary, Mrs. Mortimer T. Farley, 95 Summer St., Weston. 

Whitinsville Woman's Club Garden Group. 

President, Mrs. Edmund Taft, Hill St., Whitinsville. 
Secretary, Mrs. Edward A. Bailard, Main St., Linwood. 

Whitman Men's Garden Club. 

President, Mr. William Churchill, 17 Burton Ave., Whitman. 
Secretary, Mr. Lester Quinlan, 1215 Washington St., North Abington. 

Whitman, Women's Garden Club of. 

President, Mrs. Charles H. Crocker, 25 Wilmot St., Whitman. 
Secretary, Miss Helena Pearson, 20 Gold St., Whitman. 

Wilbraham Women's Club, Garden Group of. 

Leader, Mrs. Harry L. Piper, Glendale, Rd. ; North Wilbraham. 













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Necrology 



The following is a list of the members of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society whose deaths were reported during the year 
ending May 1, 1942. 



Mrs. Rodolphe L.Agassiz 

Mrs. Jennie C. Anderson 

Mr. Nathan Anthony 

Mr. Henry Saltonstall Appleton 

Mrs. Paul Bacon 

Mr. Judson Baldwin 

Mrs. George C. Beals 

Mr. Alberton D. Breding 

Mr. Joseph Brewer 

Mrs. Howard W. Brown 

Mr. Walter T. Bryant 

Miss Emily D. Chapman 

Mr. George B. Clements 

Mr. R. S. Codman 

Mrs. John H. Coes 

Mr. N. Edwin Covel 

Mr. Erskine H. Cox 

Mrs. Helen M. Craig 

Mrs. George A. Craigin 

Mr. Ernest B. Dane 

Mrs. Frank F. Davidson 

Mrs. Carl A. de Gersdorff 

Mr. Paul DeNave 

Mrs. Charles A. Dummer 

Mrs. Edward C. Emerson 

Mr. W. E. Fischer 

Mr. Josiah H. Gifford 

Mr. Howard F. Goodrich 

Mrs. James D. Gordon 

Mr. Elijah S. Gorney 

Mr. Donald C. Gray 

Mrs. Jerome D. Greene 

Mr. John C. Haartz 

Miss Annie K. Hardy 

Mrs. C. M. Hart 

Mr. Samuel Henshaw 

Sir Arthur W. Hill 

Mrs. W. E. Houghton 

Mrs. Joshua C. Kelley 

Mrs. Charles Keyes 

Mr. Arthur Kidder 

Mrs. Henry P. King 

Mr. Charles H. Knights 

Mrs. E. LeRoy Lane 



Rt. Rev. William Lawrence 
Mrs. George A. Libby 
Mrs. Mary Luddy 
Mr. Herbert Lyman 
Mr. Brion J. Manion 
Mr. Alfred H. Marchant 
Mr. James Marlborough 
Mrs. Archibald C. McKillop 
Mr. Alexander P. Montgomery 
Mr. William A. Muller 
Mr. Raymond H. Oveson 
Miss Imogene L. Owen 
Mrs. Anna L. Page 
Miss Frances T. Paine 
Mrs. Frank E. Poland 
Mr. James C. Porter 
Mrs. S. U. Prescott 
Mrs. Gilman Pritchard 
Mrs. Alex Quackenboss 
Mrs. Chester Allyn Reed 
Mr. William C. Rice 
Mrs. A. M. Ricker 
Mrs. Edward S. Robinson 
Mr. Henry Wilson Ross 
Mrs. Lillian Bridges Rowell 
Mrs. Francis W. Sargent 
Mrs. Daniel K. Snow 
Miss Dora N. Spalding 
Mr. William S. Spaulding 
Mr. Clarence E. Sprague 
Professor George E. Stone 
Mr. John N. Summers 
Mrs. Eliza R. Sumner 
Mrs. Mary S. Thomas 
Miss Abby Allan Todd 
Mrs. Horace F. Tuttle 
Mr. J. M. Wattendorf 
Mrs. Thomas G. Webber 
Mr. Rudolph Weld 
Mrs. Arthur C. Whitney 
Mrs. Robert Wade Williams 
Mr. Herman L. Winter 
Miss Lucia E. Wiswell 



37 



Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and 
Flower Mission 

The Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission started 
its work 73 years ago in the vestry of the Hollis Street Church 
under the guidance of Miss Helen W. Tinkham; the church was 
sold and became the Hollis Street Theatre ; the theatre was de- 
molished to give way to a parking space but the Mission has pros- 
pered through the years and it is privileged once again to express 
its sincere appreciation to the trustees of the Massachusetts Hor- 
ticultural Society for its headquarters room in the basement of 
Horticultural Hall, for the unfailing co-operation of Mr. Farring- 
ton and the sympathetic interest of Mr. Graves in his broadcast 
references to our work ; also for the loyalty of Mrs. Hollis Webster 
as horticultural chairman for stressing our needs in the issues of 
The Seedling. 

It is with a deep feeling of gratitude to all of our friends, 
including many garden club members, that I am able to report 
progress during the past year. 

Seven hundred and seventy-six hampers, cartons, etc., were 
received in the four months of the 1941 hamper season, the high- 
est total in our history, and their contents provided a pathway 
of flowers through some of the tenement districts and brightened 
weekly an Army and Navy Recreation Centre. 

Duxbury is still the banner town. One day showed an aggregate 
of 17^2 hours of picking in Mrs. Bittinger's garden. 

Lexington follows closely in second place. Both towns con- 
tributed generously also to the holiday baskets and gave financial 
donations. 

Twenty-eight Spring flower show tickets from Mrs. Geoffrey 
Whitney brought hope and courage to men and women who had 
felt defeated. 

The sod from the border of Breck's exhibit at the Spring show 
was carted in little express wagons by grateful recipients for the 
backyard gardens under the supervision of the Boston Tubercu- 
losis Association. 

Many hospital wards were made gay after the peony and 
gladiolus shows. 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society enables us to meet the 
constantly growing needs. 

Emily I. Elliott, Executive Secretary. 

38 



ANNOUNCING PUBLICATION OF A SUPPLEMENT 

TO THE SELECTED CATALOGUE 

OF THE LIBRARY 



A supplement to the 1936 catalogue is now available. It is a 
booklet of 30 pages, and combines into a single classified list the 
record of books added to the library between 1936 and the Spring 
of 1942. During that period many books have been published and 
several important advances have been made in the science of horti- 
culture. 

Under normal conditions a complete revision of the catalogue 
would be due, but neither time nor funds are available in the 
present emergency. At the same time, the need for well-informed 
and competent gardeners was never greater. 

Members of the Society in all parts of the country may borrow 
books from the library, and they are invited to send to the 
librarian their questions about books and about gardening prob- 
lems that books may help to solve. 



Miss Dorothy S. Manks, Librarian 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society 
300 Massachusetts Ave., Boston, Mass. 

Please send me a copy of the 1942 Supplement to the Selected 
Catalogue of the Library. I enclose a three-cent stamp to pay the 
cost of mailing. 



THREE 

CENT 

STAMP 



Name 

Street 

City and State 




"The Great Smokies" Brought to Boston 

An outstanding exhibit at the 1942 Spring Flower Show was a mag- 
nificent spectacle set up by Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., of East Boxford, 
featuring the famous mountains of North Carolina where native 
plants are to be found in greater variety than anywhere else in the 

United States. 



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Lily Garden at the 1942 Spring Show 

T7m garden teas set up by Mr. and Mrs. M. M. Van Beuren of New- 
port, and their superintendent, Joseph Winsock, brought together 
a greater number of lilies than has ever been assembled at any other 

flower show in America. 



40 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL 

SOCIETY 



REPORTS 

OF THE 

OFFICERS and COMMITTEES 



Presented at the 
ANNUAL MEETING, MAY 4, 1942 



Annual Meeting, 1942 

The annual meeting of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society 
was held in Horticultural Hall at 3 :00 p.m. on Monday, May 4, 
1942. The president, Mr. Edwin S. Webster was in the chair and 
named as tellers, Mr. Edwin F. Steffek, Miss Faith Freeman and 
Mrs. Margaret Peters. The secretary read the call for the meeting 
after which the president presented his annual address which was 
followed by reports of the secretary and treasurer and the chair- 
men of the various committees. 



The President's Address 

When I am asked about the prospects of this Society while the 
war is going on, I have to admit, of course, that I am no prophet ; 
but, nevertheless, I am distinctly optimistic. I read that the Royal 
Horticultural Society enrolled more new members last year than 
it did the year before, and that it still has a total of 35,000, and 
I see no reason to believe that horticulture in America will be less 
courageous or less active than horticulture in England. 

I recognize, of course, that the coming year will bring many 
problems and some difficult situations. It is certain that no organi- 
zation serving the public to such an extent as our own can con- 
tinue its work without adjusting itself to the new conditions 
which have been brought about by the war. This Society is making 
these adjustments. Its major prospects have to do with food pro- 
duction, food preservation and nutrition, all of which must prove 
vital factors in the winning of the war. 

The secretary has twice gone to Washington by invitation of 
the Department of Agriculture to discuss the production of food 
in home gardens, and the articles on this subject appearing in our 
publication Horticulture have been widely quoted. This Society 
has been working closely with the state extension service and has 
sponsored two important conferences held in this building. It has 
worked with the garden club federation in the establishment of 
information centers all through the state and has established an 
information center in this building which the Secretary will tell 
you more about in his report. The Massachusetts Committee on 
Public Safety has set up a large nutritional exhibit in one of our 
halls, which is open for your inspection. 

The Society has the government's co-operation in putting on a 
series of lectures and demonstrations on canning, preserving and 
nutrition throughout the entire months of July and August. 



43 



44 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Classes in these subjects will be conducted three days each week 
and the Society will provide the equipment, so that all the differ- 
ent operations involved in home canning can be carried out. 

It is hardly possible to put too much stress on the value of this 
work because of the necessity of maintaining our people in good 
health. These classes will be open to the general public without 
charge. This is also true of the classes in general gardening, which 
are being carried on each Tuesday afternoon and evening. 

The use of the hall is being given on various occasions for such 
purposes as the registration of men for selective service and for 
classes conducted by the state. You will see from all this that the 
Society is doing a real job in developing important war-time 
activities. 

I think that these activities are reflected in the membership 
situation. For two years I have had to report a decline in mem- 
bership, but I am happy to say that the tide has turned, judging 
from the past year's figures. The latest returns handed to me show 
a membership of 7,117 as against the lowest point, which was 
6,850. 

The co-operation of all of our members is needed to retain our 
membership at this level and to make the advance to which we 
feel we are entitled. ^lany losses occur every year. In the last 12 
months almost 90 members were lost by death. Sixteen of these 
were life members and I am forced to say that the number of life 
members on our rolls grows smaller each year. 

I wish that a greater number of young people could be brought 
into the Society. In former years, many of the older members 
took out memberships in the names of their children or their 
grandchildren. Not infrequently they were life memberships. It 
would be a great help to the Society if this practice could be 
continued. The future of the organization depends upon the in- 
terest shown in its work by the younger generation and this 
interest can be stimulated through the efforts of parents who 
appreciate the work which the Society is doing and the rewards 
which it offers to those who participate in its activities. 

The Spring flower show, one of the Society's major activities, 
is depended upon to produce sufficient revenue each year to pay 
for the smaller shows, which are free, throughout the Summer 
and Fall months. I feel that I should be quite candid in what I 
say to the members, but when I report that the attendance and 
financial receipts from this year's show fell off about 20 per cent, 
I have nothing to apologize for. This was almost exactly the rate 
of diminishing returns reported by flower show managements in 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 45 

all the large cities — New York, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Chicago 
and Detroit. In my opinion, this year's show itself was one of the 
most outstanding exhibitions ever staged by the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society and one which reflects the greatest credit 
upon all those who had a part in putting it on. 

I have recommended, however, that the 1943 Spring exhibition 
be held in Horticultural Hall and I believe that my recommenda- 
tion has been adopted. I feel that the risk involved in staging a 
great flower show, costing a large amount of money, in Mechanics 
Building, under the conditions which are certain to exist next 
March is far too great for an organization like this to assume. 

Steps have been taken to provide for a much larger show than 
ever before has been possible in our building. A large elevator 
which has been installed at the rear of the building leads directly 
to a commodious hall on the second floor — a hall which in the 
past has been reserved for storage purposes, but which can be 
used to great advantage for flower show exhibits. 

More room is also available on the mezzanine floor, and with 
almost the entire building available, a Spring show can be put 
on at Horticultural Hall which will compare favorably with those 
in Mechanics Building, even though it may be somewhat different 
in character. 

It is planned to hold the Summer and Autumn shows this year 
as usual but with modifications brought about by war-time con- 
ditions. The exhibition commmittee is studying this whole situa- 
tion and doubtless will make such changes in the new schedules 
as will be needed to fit them into the present-day picture and serve 
the best interests of the Society, as well as giving something of 
real value to those who visit the shows. I recommend to the com- 
mittee that it give particular attention to the fruit and vegetable 
show with a view to increasing exhibits on the part of amateurs, 
and to the Autumn exhibition, especially if that exhibition is to 
be continued as one to which admission is charged. 

I am glad to learn that we have been working in very close 
co-operation with the garden clubs in their efforts to promote 
home gardens on a sound and sane basis. We are very happy to 
have the state federation as a tenant and we appreciate, too, the 
support and help given us by our other tenants, the American 
Herb Society, New England Wild Flower Preservation Society, 
Benevolent Fruit and Flower Mission, New England Gourd 
Society, New England Gladiolus Society and splendid old Boston 
Mycological Club. All of these organizations are doing excellent 
work and are helping to maintain the morale of our people. 



46 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

We believe that this Society is coming to have an even more 
important place in the life of this city and this state than ever 
before, and we recognize the responsibilities resulting therefrom. 
We accept these responsibilities and trust that our renewed and 
continued efforts will be of genuine, worthwhile service. 

Edwin S. Webster, President. 



The Secretary's Report 

Special efforts were made throughout the year 1941 to put this 
building in the best possible physical condition. This was done in 
anticipation of probable shortages. Two important improvements 
were made. One was the installation of a combined passenger and 
freight elevator, which takes the place of an old-fashioned hand 
hoist which has been in operation for the past 40 years. It is 
expected that this new elevator will be found particularly useful 
if, as the president has suggested, the Spring Flower Show in 
1943 be held in this building. 

The second improvement was the installation of alternating 
current throughout the building, taking the place of the direct 
current system which has been in use heretofore, but which was 
inconvenient because most electrical appliances are made for 
alternating current. Direct current still comes into the building, 
however, and is used for operating the No. 1 elevator, inasmuch 
as any change in powering this elevator would have meant in- 
stalling a new motor at large expense. It is only within the last 
year that alternating current has been available in this section. 
It was brought in after many months of pressure exerted by 
Symphony Hall and this organization, as well as other users of 
electricity in this neighborhood. 

With the outbreak of the war it became necessary to provide 
for black-out^, which has been done by installing black-out cur- 
tains in the lecture room and the ante-room adjoining and in the 
small exhibition hall. Incidentally, these black-out curtains have 
made these halls much more satisfactory for the showing of stere- 
optican pictures and motion pictures in daylight hours. 

Provision has also been made for blacking-out the entrance hall 
but this work has not been extended to the large exhibition hall, 
although blue lights have been installed for emergencies. If this 
hall should be in use when the sirens announce a black-out, all 
persons in the hall will be requested to pass into the two halls 
furnished with black-out curtains. The blue lights will make it 
possible for the clearing of the hall without confusion, even 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 



47 



though the white lights be extinguished. Attention is called to 
the flags which have been hung in both the large exhibition hall 
and the entrance lobby. 

For several years efforts have been made to devise some means 
by which to make the entrance to the building more prominent. 
It has not been unusual for strangers to experience difficulty in 
locating the proper door. Criticism has been heard also for several 
years to the effect that visitors have difficulty in identifying this 
building, as the inscription "The Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society" which appears on the front of the building, is too high 




The Massachusetts Horticultural Society began encouraging garden- 
ing for children as early as 1872, when it offered prizes for children's 
window gardens. This picture showing youthful gardeners on their 
way to Horticultural Hall for a June exhibition appeared in a book 
published about 1S90. This book is in the Society's library. 



to be seen from the sidewalk. The trustees met both of these situ- 
ations by having the words "Horticultural Hall" cut into the stone 
work over the center door and by having metal frames installed 
at each side of this door with inserts giving the name of the 
building, the date on which it was erected and other information 
or, on special occasions, announcements of coming exhibitions or 
other events. This has proved a happy solution to a problem which 
has come before the board over a long period. 

The Society has been obliged to readjust its activities in many 
ways because of war-time conditions. For several months it has 
been conducting lectures and classes each week and is planning 
to expand this work as the season progresses. Members of its staff 



48 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

have answered calls for outside lectures on war gardens and other 
topics and have carried on a radio program every Saturday 
morning for more than a year. Newspaper releases have been sent 
out when they seemed to be needed and two important confer- 
ences have been held here to discuss war gardening and the need 
for instruction in canning and nutrition. 

I am glad to say that rentals have remained good, the total 
receipts from this source last year being $4,764.81 a slight gain 
over the rentals of 1940. This is the largest amount received from 
rentals since 1935. This building has again become a favorite with 
persons conducting rummage sales. No less than 26 rummage sales 
were held there in the year 1941. 

As usual the Society received a substantial payment from 
Mount Auburn Cemetery at the beginning of this year, the 
amount being $2,330. 

The Society has undertaken an active campaign to promote the 
eradication of poison ivy, which has become a very serious pest 
in this state, even hampering defense work. Much research has 
been given to this subject and the Society will shortly issue a 
bulletin summing up the results of this work. The Society is also 
continuing to distribute its bulletin on the Japanese beetle and 
the way in which to control the elm leaf beetle. 

Fewer lectures have been held the past year than usual because 
of the many other activities in which the Society has been en- 
gaged. The usual open house was dispensed with this year because 
of prevailing conditions but the 14 different organizations having 
their headquarters or their meeting place in Horticultural Hall 
are continuing their work with uninterrupted vigor. The Garden 
Club Federation has been especially active in defense garden work 
and the American Herb Society has been receiving a large amount 
of mail because of its bulletins dealing with the selection of sage 
and various medicinal herbs. 

The secretary is grateful to the trustees and committees for their 
kindness and support throughout the year and extends his thanks 
to the members of his staff for their co-operation and help. 

E. I. Farrington, Secretary. 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 49 

Report of the Treasurer 

STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AT 
DECEMBER 31, 1941 

Assets 

Cash in Banks and on Hand $ 34,342.15 

Treasurer: In bank $ 25,378.65 

In hands of broker 128.95 

Bursar: In bank 7,253.00 

On hand 10.00 

Savings bank deposits 1,571.55 

$ 34,342.15 

Investments — Valued at cost 552,030.34 

Capital Assets — see note 1 579,736.70 

Real estate $498,564.63 

Improvements and additions to buildings 34,591.60 

Library 46,580.47 

$579,736.70 
Deferred Charges : Spring show 1942 4,698.71 

$1,170,807.90 
Note 1 : Depreciation on capital assets has not been provided for. 

Liabilities and Capital Funds 

Liabilities — Accounts payable $ 90.95 

Sundry Funds 459,208.96 

Special uses: Principal $168,913.73 

Unexpended income 10,251.93 

$179,165.66 

General uses : Principal 280,043.30 

$459,208.96 

Donations Special 827.18 

Life Membership Fees 23,444.00 

Mount Auburn Cemetery Fund 55,053.52 

Library Cataloging Fund 28.28 

Capital 564,524.70 

Surplus (Capital) 54,525.09 

Balance, January 1, 1941 $ 50,209.07 

Add : Gain on sales securities 4,316.02 

$ 54,525.09 

Surplus (Earned) 13,105.22 

Balance, January 1, 1941 $ 9,097.09 

Add: Income over expenditures 7,011.78 

16,108.87 



50 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Deduct : 

Transfer to Show Fund $ 3,000.00 

Expenses paid on 1939 Spring Show 3.65 



3,003.65 



$13,105.22- 



$1,170,807.90 

STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURES 

Year Ended Year Ended 

Income December 31, 1941 December 31, 1940 
Income from investments and 
bank interest (less proportion 

allocated to restricted funds) $25,545.00 $26,543.24 

Membership fees 19,003.50 19,386.00 

Rentals 4.764.81 4,734.71 

Spring Show— 1941 37,238.42 

Spring Show— 1940 24,085.30 

Incidentals 298.55 365.05 . 

Sundry donations 15.00 50.00 

$86,865.28 $75,164.30 

Expenditures 
Operating Expenses : 

Building expenses $25,164.13 $17,583.52 

Library expenses 6,159.19 6,535.88 

Office and general expenses . 39,074.57 35,764.18 

Misc. exhibition expenses . . 6,510.10 5,689.62 

Autumn Show— 1941 999.63 

Autumn Show— 1940 1,043.59 

$77,907.62 $66,616.79 

Awards, Lectures, and Miscellaneous : 

Lectures 56.14 61.19 

Medals and certificates 524.40 714.62 

Prizes in excess of funds . . . 719.50 640.00 

1,300.04 1,415.81 

Add: Horticulture loss 645.84 792.20 



$79,853.50 $68,824.80 
Excess of Income Over Expenditures — 

Transf erred to Surplus Earned $ 7,011.78 $ 6,339.50 

INVESTMENTS AT DECEMBER 31, 1941 
Bonds 

Rate Maturity Cost 

% Date Value 

$10,000 Adams Express Co 4 6/1/47 $10,342.82 

15,000 Alabama Power Co 5 6/1/51 14,999.73 

5,000 Allis Chalmers Manufacturing Co 4 9/1/52 5,100.00 

4,000 Anaconda Copper Mining Co 4y 2 10/1/50 3,663.75 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 51 

15,000 Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co 4 7/1/52 14,608.11 

15,000 Central Pacific Ry. Co. Through Short 

Line 4 10/1/54 14,943.75 

15,000 Central States Power and Light Co 5V 2 1/1/53 14,850.00 

15,000 Community Power and Light Co 5 3/1/57 10,801.95 

10,000 Electric Power and Light 5 2/1/2030 8,676.29 

15,000 Florida Power and Light Co 5 1/1/54 12,979.21 

10,000 Kentucky Utilities Co 4y 2 2/1/55 10,150.00 

15,000 Louisville and Nashville R. R. Co 3y 2 1/1/50 15,150.00 

15,000 Louisiana Power and Light 5 12/1/57 15,634.39 

15,000 Michigan Consolidated Gas Co 4 9/1/63 15,102.50 

15,000 National Distillers Products Co 3y 2 3/1/49 15,746.90 

5,000 North American Co 3 l / 2 2/1/49 5,044.62 

1,000 Old Colony Investment Trust 4y 2 2/1/47 1,007.50 

14,000 Potomac Edison Co 5 11/1/56 12,222.22 

20,000 Puget Sound Power & Light Co 5y 2 6/1/49 17,445.00 

15,000 Railway & Light Securities Co 3% 12/1/55 15,112.50 

10,000 Union Pacific R. R, Co 4 7/1/47 7,952.99 

10,000 York Railways 5 12/1/47 9,976.38 

Total bonds $251,510.61 

Shares Stocks 

100 American Can Co $10,237.95 

140 American Telephone & Telegraph Co 20,980.15 

100 American Tobacco Co. "B" 10,200.23 

200 Buffalo, Niagara and Eastern Power Co. Pfd 4,150.00 

26 Commercial Credit Corp ) 

150 Commercial Credit Corp. 4y 2 % Conv. Pfd J 16,774.53 

200 Connecticut Light & Power 8,500.00 

200 Continental Insurance Co 8,934.00 

200 Continental Oil Co 3,978.20 

400 Curtis Wright "A" 10,360.32 

265 136 / 600 Electric Bond & Share ) 

2,192 General Electric Co \ 13 > 4 89.83 

200 Engineers Public Service $5.50 Pfd 14,400.00 

300 Eastern Utilities Asso 6,900.00 

200 First National Bank of Boston 9,800.00 

200 Indianapolis Power & Light Co 4.800.00 

20 International Match Realization Co. Ltd. v.t.c 3,561.25 

500 National Power and Light Co. $6.00 Pfd 50,750.00 

100 Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. 

$5.00 Cum. Pfd 10,200.00 

160 North American Co. $3.00 Pfd 6,871.50 

100 Northern States Power Co. 7% Pfd 7,548.75 

100 Phoenix Insurance Co 9,325.00 

365 2 /e Radio Corporation of America 

500 Southern California Edison Co. 5y 2 % Pfd 13,750.00 



52 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

582 Tampa Electric Co 17,658.12 

200 Underwood Eliott Fisher 8,017.90 

200 United Fruit 12,660.00 

100 United Gas Corp. $7.00 Pfd 9,922.00 

100 U. S. Smelting, Refining & Mining Co. Pfd 6,750.00 

Total stocks $300,519.73 

Summary 

Bonds $251,510.61 

Stocks 300,519.73 

Total .$552,030.34 

SUNDRY FUNDS AT DECEMBER 31, 1941 

Income to Be Used for Special Purposes 

Unexpended 

Total Income Principal 

Samuel Appleton Fund $ 1,000.00 $ $ 1,000.00 

Josiah Bradley Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage— Library 34,810.88 4,810.88 30,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage— Show 20,232.00 232.00 20,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage— Porch Fund 1,560.37 310.37 1,250.00 

John C. Chaffin Fund 1,000.89 .89 1,000.00 

William N. Craig Fund 2,819.92 319.92 2,500.00 

Benjamin B. Davis Fund 500.00 500.00 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Fund 3,694.62 467.62 3,227.00 

John S. Farlow Fund 2,511.21 11.21 2,500.00 

John S. Farlow Fund — Newton 

Horticultural Society 2,900.42 2,900.42 

Benjamin V. French Fund No. 1 500.00 500.00 

Benjamin V. French Fund No. 2 3,000.00 3,000.00 

John Allen French Fund 5,000.61 .61 5,000.00 

John D. Williams French Fund 12,237.43 555.55 11,681.88 

Henry A. Gane Memorial Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund No. 1 879.25 379.25 500.00 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund No. 2 2,248.87 248.87 2,000.00 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund No. 3 1,500.00 1,500.00 

Nathaniel T. Kidder Fund . . «. 5,500.00 500.00 5,000.00 

John A. Lowell Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Theodore Lyman Fund No. 1 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Theodore Lyman Fund No. 2 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Benjamin H. Pierce Fund 800.09 .09 800.00 

Thomas Roland Fund 3,426.51 426.51 3,000.00 

John Lewis Russell Fund 1,523.58 523.58 1,000.00 

Show Fund 42,200.00 42,200.00 

William J. Walker Fund 2,354.49 .06 2,354.43 

Levi Whitcomb Fund 504.50 4.50 500.00 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 53 

George Robert White Fund 11,456.52 1,456.52 10,000.00 

Marshall P. Wilder Fund 1,003.50 3.50 1,000.00 

Total $179,165.66 $10,251.93 $168,913.73 

Income to Be Used for General Purposes 

Anonymous Funds $ 1,000.00 $ 1,000.00 

Louis G. Appleby Legacy 200.00 200.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage Fund 1,200.00 1,200.00 

John Chaney Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Helen Collamore Fund 5,000.00 5,000.00 

Arthur F. Estabrook Legacy 50,000.00 50,000.00 

Ida F. Estabrook Legacy 11,638.76 11,638.76 

Caroline S. Freeman Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Frances Brown Hayes Bequest 189,904.54 189,904.54 

Frances Brown Hayes Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Margaret Whitney Legacy 100.00 100.00 



$280,043.30 $280,043.30 

INCOME AND EXPENSES OF THE SPRING SHOWS 
IN 1941 AND 1940 

Income Spring Show, 1941 Spring Show, 1940 
Tickets : 

Regular admissions $61,739.50 $52,396.25 

Trade tickets 2,940.00 2,595.00 

Students' tickets 22.50 5.50 

Members' tickets 7,611.50 7,394.00 

Garden Club tickets 14,103.75 10,924.10 

$86,417.25 $73,314.85 

Trade space 9,320.96 9,181.67 

Restaurant 1,501.93 1,217.27 

Flower booth 6,679.73 5,151.73 

Less : Flower booth expense . 5,097.60 4,106.25 

■ — 1,582.13 1,045.48 

Programs 1,857.19 1,825.51 

Check room 216.93 317.50 

Supplies sold 463.85 

Less : Cost of supplies sold 373.38 

90.47 

Miscellaneous 2.70 4.05 

$100,899.09 $86,996.80 
Expenditures 

Carting $ 221.17 $ 164.80 

Committee expense 65.10 35.87 

Committee fees 270.00 315.00 



54 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Decorating 2,131.25 1,678.00 

Garden club expenses 1,000.00 1,200.00 

Insurance 231.58 231.58 

Judges' expense 482,99 492.68 

Labor 3,077.96 2,783.08 

Manager's salary and bonus . . . 6,387.60 4,926.14 

Manager's expenses 216.96 125.53 

Music 162.50 170.00 

Plant material and forcing .... 1,255.05 409.20 

Police 500.00 500.00 

Postage, stationer}' and supplies 788.70 544.99 

Printing 636.28 472.55 

Prizes, medals and certificates . 22,005.06 22,039.97 

Publicity 9,670.58 9,397.01 

Rentals 8,499.14 8,251.71 

Rubbish removal 250.00 250.00 

Telephone 160.30 104.87 

Wheel chairs— net 17.60 11.25 

Miscellaneous 5,630.85 8,807.27 



63,660.67 62,911.50 



Excess of Income Over Expenditures . . . .$37,238.42 $24,085.30 

AUTUMN SHOW, 1941 

Income 

Tickets $3,460.75 

Expenses 

Postage $ 84.80 

Printing 20.50 

Publicity 736.50 

Exhibition committee 12.50 

Incidentals 56.20 

Labor 106.85 

Decorating 110.00 

Engraving certificates 3.85 

Prize committee fees 25.00 

Judges' expense 90.85 

Taxes 360.98 

Photos 19.00 

Signs 18.45 ' 

Prizes 2,300.50 

Gardeners' award 325.00 

Medals 100.90 

Rubbish 15.00 

Supplies 73.50 

4,460.38 



Net Loss $ 999.63 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 55 

MISCELLANEOUS EXHIBITION EXPENSE 

Year Ended Year Ended 

December December 

31, 1941 31, 1940 

Salary $3,451.20 $3,376.30 

Printing 239.25 371.50 

Stationery and postage 35.10 59.62 

Supplies 1,324.26 397.36 

Advertising 8.00 53.50 

Exhibition committee fees 150.00 185.00 

Prize committee fees 260.00 230.00 

Traveling 372.83 236.43 

Judges' expense 87.37 54.79 

Decorating and signs 139.90 169.64 

Repairs 245.73 1.50 

Incidentals 125.85 84.65 

Massachusetts State College exhibition 431.83 

Miscellaneous 70.61 37.50 

Total $6,510.10 $5,689.62 

LIBRARY EXPENSES 

Year Ended Year Ended 

December December 

31, 1941 31, 1940 

Salaries $5,035.58 $5,079.08 

Binding and repairs 963.13 986.44 

Books and periodicals 21.45 

Printing 40.75 23.00 

Stationery and postage 47.41 66.01 

Supplies 55.07 341.30 

Insurance 9.60 9.60 

Incidentals 7.65 9.00 

Total $6,159.19 $6,535.88 

OFFICE AND GENERAL EXPENSES 

Year Ended Year Ended 

December December 

31, 1941 31, 1940 

Salaries $25,452.31 $22,138.31 

Stationery and postage 2,953.91 2,324.39 

Printing 1,458.20 1,428.95 

Supplies and equipment 1,079.62 1,250.48 

Telephone and telegraph 781.45 821.32 

Traveling 194.69 155.94 

Subscription of members to Horticulture 5,289.04 5,716.50 

Incidentals 178.96 440.14 



56 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Repairs 253.22 63.45 

Photos and slides 572.35 444.25 

Publicity 176.40 445.20 

Binding 29.60 20.79 

Miscellaneous 654.82 514.46 



Total $39,074.57 $35,764.18 

BUILDING EXPENSE 

Tear Ended Tear Ended 
December December 

31, 1941 31, 1940 

Labor $11,401.36 $11,030.80 

Supplies 398.88 570.16 

Heating 1,493.06 1,379.13 

Lighting 1,743.26 1,667.43 

Repairs and upkeep 1,303.97 1,313.52 

Insurance 1,850.22 1,064.48 

Repairs to elevator 4,959.66 

Electric wiring, changed from D.C. to A.C 1,578.81 

Incidentals 434.91 558.00 

Total $25,164.13 $17,583.52 

"HORTICULTURE" 
STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENSES 

Tear Ended Tear Ended 

Income December 31, 1941 December 31, 1940 

Advertising $25,450.24 $21,638.06 

Subscriptions 30,565.88 27,630.78 

Books 4,840.04 5,758.30 

Advertising "Gardening in 

New England" 3,112.80 4,128.33 

Royalties and commissions .... 498.19 792.83 

Miscellaneous 438.53 352.26 

$64,905.68 $60,300.56 

Expenses 

Printing $24,308.46 $22,704.91 

Paper 11,724.88 11,610.71 

Cuts 2,614.25 2,815.26 

Wrappers 582.23 515.23 

Postage 5,118.96 4,959.11 

Books 4,554.36 2,549.64 

"Gardening in New England" . 2,618.96 3,274.89 

Commissions and discounts .... 5,424.33 4,846.55 

Contributors 1,338.86 1,392.92 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 57 

Salaries 4,109.02 4,084.52 

Miscellaneous 3,157.21 2,339.02 

65,551.52 61,092.76 

Net Loss $ 645.84 $ 792.20 

Note 2 : The financial records of Horticulture are kept on a cash receipts and 
payments basis. The amounts due from advertisers and others, and the 
indebtedness for paper, printing, etc., are not reflected in the above 
statement. 

John S. Ames, Treasurer. 



Report of the Library Committee 

During the past year the war has been the dominant influence 
on the work of the library. People are not reading so much, and 
what they do read is most often related to the problems of the 
home garden. Soil maintenance, the raising of vegetables and 
kitchen herbs, and the growing, curing and marketing of medicinal 
plants have been the subjects of most persistent inquiry. To this 
interest in the food garden we owe several new and unusually 
good books on fruit and vegetable gardening which have been 
published in recent months. 

Following its regular practice, the library contributed an at- 
tractive shelf of books to the official booth at the Spring Flower 
Show. This served the double purpose of providing immediate 
answers to questions, and of calling the attention of visitors to 
one of the activities of our regular program. Small collections of 
books and bulletins are also a part of the war-garden lecture 
programs, and the horticultural chairman of the Garden Club 
Federation has asked for a table of books for each of her monthly 
meetings. 

For several years collections of garden club year books have 
been sent out to clubs, garden centers and conference meetings in 
many parts of the country. This year the principal collection has 
bookings to full capacity and other individual sets have been made 
up several times. These collections are used for exhibition and 
study, and have received much favorable comment in the garden 
press. 

Classes have visited the library from Simmons School of Library 
Science, Lowthorpe School, the Boston School of Occupational 
Therapy, and the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, and the 
library resources have been used by artists, physicians, and others 
of the community. 

During the past summer the library received from Mrs. Albert 



58 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

C. Burrage the garden library of her late husband, who was for 
many years president of this Society. Among the 2300 volumes 
are some rare and important items, and there is also a fine col- 
lection of water color drawings of orchids. 

The last edition of the selected catalogue of the library, pub- 
lished in 1936, is almost gone, and a new edition would be due if 
times were normal. In its stead we have in press a supplement 
combining into a single classified list all the best of the books 
added to the library since 1936, and making a booklet of 32 pages. 
It is put out at this time as a war-emergency guide to the best of 
what is new, and will be sent for the cost of mailing to any member 
of the Society who would like to have it. 

The recataloguing and reclassifying of the library is continuing 
steadily, but will take a year or two more to complete. The sec- 
tions already finished have proved the value of the work by making 
information more quickly and effectively available. 

Charles K. Cummings, Chairman. 



Report of the Committee on the Exhibition of the 
Products of Children's Gardens 

The 1941 Exhibition of the Products of Children's Gardens was 
not quite so large as previous exhibitions, but the quality of the 
products shown was excellent and the arrangement of the mate- 
rial showed almost a professional touch. The children have been 
taught not only to grow good vegetables but to display them in 
a most effective manner. Even vegetables on a single plate can 
be made to look attractive if arranged properly. Every effort will 
be made at the coming show to give the children themselves an 
opportunity to arrange the material in the large displays, the 
instructors to act merely in an advisory capacity. 

There were over 800 individual exhibits at the 1941 show. Since 
it was a very dry season, Henry G. Wendler, who was in charge 
of the project in the absence of Daniel W. O'Brien, considered this 
a remarkable showing. There were 63 separate entries for Swiss 
chard, 61 for green tomatoes, 50 for ripe tomatoes and 40 in the 
class calling for any other variety of vegetable. It was quite a task 
for the judges to pick the winners in these classes. 

The roadside stands staged by the vocational agricultural schools 
were outstanding. The prize winner in this class, that of the North 
High School of Worcester, was equal to that staged by some of 
our professional exhibitors at other shows. Mention should also 
be made of the replica of the first school garden planned and 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 59 

planted here in Boston 50 years ago, which was staged by the 
Jamaica Plain High School. 

The 4-H Club exhibits were more extensive than ever and the 
canning exhibit was the largest staged in the state in 1941, con- 
sisting of over 1,500 jars canned by the children under the direc- 
tion of the 4-H Club leaders. 

In conclusion, it is gratifying to know that the Boston School 
Committee is encouraging the planting of home and school gar- 
dens and that instructors will be available throughout the season 
to work with the children. The children may also avail themselves 
of the opportunity of consulting garden club representatives in 
charge of the victory garden program throughout the state. It is 
hardly necessary to point out here that it is the duty of every 
individual to grow and preserve as many fruits and vegetables 
as possible during this emergency, so, why not encourage the 
children to grow vegetables and make them conscious of the fact 
that they are contributing toward our program to win the war as 
speedily as possible. 

S. J. Goddard, Chairman. 



Report of the Committee on Exhibitions 

Another active year in the history of the Massachusetts Horti- 
cultural Society has come to a close and, as far as our committee 
is concerned, this day marks the completion of another series of 
exhibitions. It is not the purpose of this report to review the 
shows of the past year, as has been our custom at three preceding 
annual meetings. Those shows are over. You have been privileged 
to see them and to form your own opinion as to their excellence. 

It is our purpose, rather, to offer to you as members, to the 
trustees, and to the incoming committee, certain suggestions which 
we are convinced from our experiences, will result in still better 
shows and definitely improved relations with exhibitors and 
judges. Moreover, if these recommendations are put into opera- 
tion, we believe there will be considerably less mystification on 
the part of the visiting public as to why certain awards are 
placed — or are not. 

Before assembling this report, I asked each member of the 
Committee on Exhibitions to write me his ideas as to urgent 
changes which he felt should be effected for the good of the show 
department. To be sure, these views have been expressed from time 
to time in our committee meetings. Even so, it is well to have such 
in summary and here they are — right from the letters in reply. 



60 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

All of these comments pertain to the Spring show, as might be 
expected, for here most of the difficulties are encountered. 

The show manager and the committee are charged by the 
trustees with not only staging attractive and successful exhibits 
but in making a profit as well. We are told that the annual profit 
of $20,000 and more, over the actual cost of conducting the March 
show, is a necessary supplement to the treasury of the Society for 
its general operation and maintenance. 

It seems reasonable that the free shows might well be financed 
from the profits of the Spring show (if really necessary) but to 
divert the gains of the Spring show to other uses seems unwar- 
ranted. Such a practice makes a business enterprise of this show. 
The committeeman making this comment offers the suggestion that 
all profits realized from the Spring show be turned right back into 
the show department for show purposes only, to provide for better 
shows and to serve as a rampart of security against an unfavor- 
able year. In the 1940 Year Book it is reported that "After the 
centennial exhibition, the Society found itself with a surplus of 
$30,000, which amount was prudently set aside as a nucleus of 
what is in effect an insurance fund, to be drawn upon in event 
of the show's failure to make its required earnings. This fund is, 
of course, properly invested and the earnings are used for the pay- 
ment of prizes at the shows". 

This surplus has now been increased to around $44,000. It is 
hard to estimate what figure it should eventually reach, but 
$50,000 would be none too high. Then all earnings of this fund 
and all further surpluses from Spring shows should rightfully 
be spent for show purposes solely. Under the existing system, the 
show manager is obligated to bring in several thousands of dollars 
gain from the Spring enterprise, come foul weather, depression 
or total war. That is, he is not only expected to satisfy without a 
deficit the requirements of his own department in putting on a 
beautiful show but to promote a financial project for the support 
of certain other departments as well. Is this a fair, proper and 
dignified position in which we are asking our show manager to 
serve ? 

Another committeeman believes that exhibits the character and 
size of the Great Smokies are likely to prove more expensive than 
their attraction for the visitors justifies. This year's publicity on 
that feature was enormous but perhaps two or even four smaller 
exhibits which the public could walk around would have been more 
interesting. This is certainly no unfavorable reflection upon the 
quality of this year's stage piece ; the same caution applies to all 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 61 

others of equal magnitude. Is it not time we gave this idea some 
serious consideration? 

There was one item on which each member of our committee, 
without exception, gave expression — the precarious position of 
the Prize Committee during the Spring show. The Committee on 
Exhibitions has striven for years to perfect the schedules, formu- 
late the rules, work out the scales of points and define the terms. 
This committee and the show manager work for months design- 
ing, planning, estimating costs, hunting up exhibitors, publicizing 
and building the show. 

The opening day of the great Spring exhibition finally arrives. 
The Committee on Prizes has carefully chosen and engaged the 
judges and they are ready to go to work with a rule book in one 
hand and a sharp pencil in the other. Up to this point the two 
committees have held only one or not more than two joint meet- 
ings regarding this show. If some of the prize committee members 
themselves are surprised at the opening scene, is it any wonder 
that the judges are often bewildered at what confronts them ? 

To ask a team of judges to render a verdict in a few minutes 
on an exhibit that has required months to create is a large order. 
That creditable results, as a rule, are achieved by the Prize Com- 
mittee and their judges in awarding prizes under such unfamiliar 
circumstances is a wonder ! The system is obviously fraught with 
hazard and should be modified to prevent the possibility of serious 
errors occurring in the future. After all, the exhibitors make the 
show and they must always be made to feel they are being dealt 
with fairly. Else they will not return. 

Here is a plan which is offered for your consideration. The 
Committee on Exhibitions will submit to the president of the 
Society, for appointment a list of candidates for a Committee 
on Prizes, which will meet with the first committee whenever it 
is necessary. Regardless of the frequency of such joint meetings, 
one of these will be held immediately after the judging at the 
Spring show and before any of the cups, medals, certificates or 
other major awards are announced to the exhibitors or the public. 
By such a method, any differences of opinion among the several 
committee members may be ironed out in advance of publicity. 

Some device must be set up whereby an executive committee, 
possibly designated by the president, will meet at stated times 
during all shows to hear and act on protests. This is very impor- 
tant and we should not go into another year unprepared in this 
respect. 

I realize that this report may be regarded as somewhat re- 



62 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

actionary. It is intended so to be. Our committee hopes that the 
trustees will give each point expressed herein the most careful 
consideration because we are convinced that it is expedient for 
the good of the Society to effect these changes now. 

Ray M. Koon, Chairman. 

Report of the Committee on Prizes 

Your Committee on Prizes has worked on 11 shows during the 
past year, three of which, the gladiolus, iris and dahlia shows, were 
given by their own societies. 

At our Harvest Show, last October, an especially attractive 
farmyard scene, was staged by Miss Case, whose work with boys 
at Hillcrest has been notable. At this same show was a most inter- 
esting exhibit of specimen grapes, sent by the Geneva Experi- 
ment Station. To one of these new grapes, the Seneca, we gave 
an award of merit. 

The chrysanthemum show in November, combined with the 
fortieth show of The Chrysanthemum Society of America, was 
one of our outstanding shows. 

At the Spring show, the president's cup was awarded to William 
Walke, for his exhibit of amaryllis. 

The Burr age gold cup, for the best exhibit at any show during 
1941, was awarded to Mrs. Galen Stone. 

Already it has been suggested to us that all medals for the 
coming year be ordered now. I recommend that the Society with- 
hold all medals for the duration of the war and that we be very 
careful about making any large expenditures. 

William P. Wolcott, Chairman. 

Result of the Balloting 

At four o'clock the polls were closed, 56 votes having been cast, 
and the following were declared elected : 

President: Edwin S. Webster 

Vice-President : William Ellery 

Trustees: Aubrey B. Butler 

Harlan P. Kelsey 

Dunbar Lockwood 

Fletcher Steele 
Mrs. Roger S. Warner 



Massachusetts Horticultural Society 

HONORARY MEMBERS 

1942 Lord Aberconway, North Wales, England 

1942 F. A. Bartlett, Stamford, Connecticut 

1942 Walter D. Brownell, Little Compton, Rhode Island 

1942 Alex Cumming, Bristol, Connecticut 

1942 Dr. William A. Dayton, Washington, District of Columbia 

1942 A. T. De La Mare, New York, New York 

1942 David Fairchild, Coconut Grove, Florida 

1942 Joseph B. Gable, Stewartstown, Pennsylvania 

1942 Arthur Herrington, New York, New York 

1942 Henry Hicks, Westbury, Long Island, New York 

1942 Fred H. Howard, Montebello, California 

1942 August Koch, Chicago, Illinois 

1942 Colonel R. H. Montgomery, Coconut Grove, Florida 

1942 Robert Moses, New York, New York 

1942 G. G. Nearing, Ridgewood, New Jersey 

1942 Frederick Law Olmsted, Brookline, Massachusetts 

1942 George H. Pring, St. Louis, Missouri 

1942 Dr. Alfred Rehder, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts 

1942 Dr. A. B. Stout, New York, New York 

1942 Norman Taylor, New York, New York 

1942 Dr. William A. Taylor, Washington, District of Columbia 

1942 C. J. Van Bourgondien, Babylon, Long Island, New York 

1942 Dr. Frank A. Waugh, Amherst, Massachusetts 

1942 Richard Wellington, Geneva, New York 

1942 Professor Edward Albert White, Ithaca, New York 

1942 Elizabeth C. White, Whitesbog, New Jersey 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 

1925 Rudolph D. Anstead, Bournemouth, England. 

1889 Dr. L. H. Bailey, Ithaca, New York. 

1925 F. R. S. Balfour, F.L.S., Dawyck, Stobo, Tweeddale, Scotland. 

1911 W. J. Bean, 2, Mortlake Road, Kew, England. 

1918 Desire Bois, Paris, France. 

1925 I. H. Burkill, F.L.S., "Clova," Fetcham Park, Leatherhead, 

Surrey, England. 
1921 Fred J. Chittenden, Royal Horticultural Society, Vincent Square, 

Westminster, London, England. 
1925 Woon Young Chun, Sun Yat Sen University, Canton, China. 
1925 G. W. Darnell-Smith, Director of the Sydney Botanic Gardens, 

Sydney, New South Wales. 
1925 Henry F. duPont, Winterthur, Delaware. 
1925 Pierre S. duPont, Wilmington, Delaware. 

63 



64 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

1925 Charles C. Eley, M.A., F.L.S , Suffolk, England. 

1925 G. Fraser, Ucuelet, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 

1925 W. G. Freeman, B.S.C., F.L.S., Imperial Institute, South 

Kensington, London S.W.7, England. 
1918 Professor N. E. Hansen, Brookings, South Dakota. 
1911 Professor IT. P. Hedrick, Geneva, New York. 
1925 Sir Arthur W. Hill, K.C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S., Royal Botanic 

Gardens, Kew, Surrey, England. 
1925 Professor H. H. Hu, Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peking, 

China. 
1925 Mrs. C. L. Hutchinson, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. 
1925 Charles W. Knight, Oakdale, New York. 
1921 C. E. Lane-Poole, Canberra, Australia. 
1925 C. C. Laney, Rochester, N. Y. 
1911 M. Emile Lemoine, Nancy, France. 
1925 Sir J. S. Maxwell, Bart, K.T., Pollok House, near Glasgow, 

Scotland. 
1918 J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 
1925 John McLaren, San Francisco, California. 
1925 Mrs. William Mercer, Doylestown, Pennsylvania. 
1925 Dr. Kingo Miyabe, Imperial University, Sapparo, Japan. 
1898 Sir Frederick W. Moore, F.L.S., Willbrook House, Rathfarnham, 

Co. Dublin, Ireland. 
1918 Dr. George T. Moore, Botanical Gardens, St. Louis, Missouri. 
1925 F. Cleveland Morgan, Montreal, Canada. 
1925 M. L. Parde, Nogent-sur-Vernisson (Loiret), France. 
1925 I. B. Pole-Evans, C.M.G., Chief of Division and Director, Botani- 
cal Survey, Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa. 
1906 Lt.-Col. Sir David Prain, C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S. Warlingham, 

Surrey, England. 
1925 Miss Isabella Preston, Ottawa, Canada. 
1925 Johannes Rafn, Skovfrokontoret, Copenhagen, Denmark. 
1906 Dr. Henry N. Ridley, C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S., M.A., Kew, Surrey, 

England. 
1925 Camillo Schneider, c/o Gartenschonheit, Berlin-Westend, 

Germany. 
1925 F. L. Skinner, Dropmore, Manitoba. 
1925 Sir William Wright Smith, F.L.S., Royal Botanic Garden, 

Edinburgh, Scotland. 
1893 Professor Wuj_,iam Trelease, Urbana, Illinois. 
1918. F. Gomer Waterer, Knaphill, Surrey, England. 
1925 Cyril T. White, Government Botanist, Brisbane, Queensland, 

Australia. 
1921 Gurney WHiSON, Secretary Royal Horticultural Society Orchid 

Committee, Vincent Square, London S.W.I, England. 
1925 John C. Wister, Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 
1925 Major A. C. T. Woodward, Bewdley, Worcestershire, England.